Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. In fact, it’s actually the second most common mammal in the world after Homo sapien. Note that we will be covering species found primarily in the US here, as an international list would require a small book. One subspecies, Mus musculus Disnicus, is a rare, highly developed breed that tends to walk on its hind legs and averages approximately 2 feet, 3 inches high and 23 to 30 pounds. Voles -- also called meadow mice -- are small rodents found in areas with dense vegetation. Their are four species of tree squirrels found in California: western gray squirrels; eastern fox squirrels; Douglas squirrels; and eastern gray squirrels. They feed on seeds, acorns, nuts, fungi, insects, eggs and young birds. Types of Rodents in California ... Voles -- also called meadow mice -- are small rodents found in areas with dense vegetation. They don’t like clement weather and will normally hide in their nests when a storm approaches. While a different specie, it’s often considered part of the deer mouse family. The tails are generally bicolored with light hair with the exception of the deer mouse whose tail has heavy fur. They have large heads, big eyes and long tails that may be longer than the head and body combined. Located in the Southwestern US, these mice have shorter, nearly hairless tails. However, the two species do sometimes share the same habitat. They are recognized by their large size, grayish-brown fur, scaly pink tail, relatively small ears and blunt muzzle. The body generally grows to between 2 and 2.5 inches with a tail length of 1.5 to 1.75 inches. When they get into buildings, they tend to live in ceilings, walls, attics and cabinets. Western Exterminator's home pest control plan includes coverage of 36 common pests. Average body lengths for deer mice and their subspecies range from 2.75 to 3.75 inches in body length with tails roughly the same length or slightly closer to 3 inches. While common in the eastern United States, the White-footed Mouse can be found in the west as well, weather-permitting. These mice get their name from their more insect-oriented diets. Related: How to Get Rid of Deer From Your Yard. Their fur gets its softness from natural oils that can become greasy if they don’t take regular dust baths. Ranging 3.5 to 4.5 inches long with shorter hairless, multicolor tails measuring 1.5 to 2 inches long. or fill out your details and we will call you back, Adults range in size from 4 to 9 inches, including the tail, Long bi-colored tails are covered in very short hair, Fur can be pale gray to deep red on the head and back, and is white on the belly, Lifespan of 2-24 months due to high predation, Nocturnal creatures - come out at night to find food, Seek shelter inside during colder months, especially in wall voids, small places in attics or basements and even inside stuffed furniture, A primary carrier of the hantavirus, which leads to Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in humans, Commonly found near structures that border wooded areas, House mice range from 5-8 inches in length, including the tail, House mouse fur is usually a dusty gray on top and a light gray or cream on the stomach, Approximately 35 days from birth to sexual maturity, Usually live on the ground or in burrows, but can climb, Very inquisitive - will explore anything new or changed, Main feeding periods are at dusk and right before dawn, The Western Harvest Mouse ranges from 6-9 inches in length, including the tail, The long tail is as long as the head and body combined, with a dark stripe down on top, The fur is soft and brown in color, and lighter in color on the belly and feet, They have a groove on the surface of their incisors, Breeds throughout the year, with the exception of deep winter, Spherical nests are built on the ground or in low vegetation, Uses tunnels and runways of other small mammals, White-footed mice are 5-8 inches in length, including the tail, White-footed mouse fur ranges from grayish to reddish brown on the back and head and white on the belly and feet, Lifespan is generally 2-3 years in the wild, Will seek warmth in homes, garages, sheds, and infrequently used vehicles, Primarily feeds on seeds, fruits, nuts, and insects. Their burrows are typically found near woodpiles, trash heaps, damp areas in the garden and building foundations. Others live in or near cultivated and urban areas, making pests of themselves by eating crops and gardens, damaging lawns and buildings and stealing food supplies. The four most common mouse species found in the Western United States are the following: House Mouse; Deer Mouse (or field mouse) Western Harvest Mouse; White-Footed Mouse; If you see any type of mouse in your home or business, there is a good chance there are more to be found. University of California Integrated Pest Management Program: Rats, University of California Integrated Pest Management Program: Voles (Meadow Mice), University of California Integrated Pest Management Program: Tree Squirrels. Many of these have adapted to living among humans and may even be nesting somewhere in your home. Love them or hate them, mice are quite common in nature. Frank B. Chavez III has been a professional writer since 2006. Both species have 2.75 inch long bodies, although the pale breed has a small tuft on the end of their tail. His articles have appeared on numerous websites including WitchVox and Spectrum Nexus as well as in the e-magazine Gods and Empires. They’re commonly seen throughout Southern US. Although occasionally seen scurrying about above ground, voles spend most of their time in burrows. Pocket mice prefer rocky to sandy soil. There are 20 to 22 species, many found in California. They may also be referred to as field mice. However, all members of the genus Mus are considered to be mice. House mice are infamous for leaving women on chairs and brown cupcake sprinkles all over the countertops. Very similar in size and shape to the common house mouse, deer mice are a little larger and strictly nocturnal. Of those, 200 call North America home. These critters have tails generally between 4 and 4.75 inches long, often with crests and bodies ranging from 3 to 3.75 inches in length.
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