A Toccata (Italian for âto touchâ) is a virtuoso display piece. First published in 1833 through the efforts of Felix Mendelssohn, the piece quickly became popular, and is now one of the most famous works in the organ repertoire. The second of these, first heard in the clarinet, oboe, and flute, becomes the satirical bassoon theme that leads off the following Scherzo section. Here's what I did to produce the iPod-playable Music Animation Machine video of this piece: 1 Instrument. The composition's third century took it from Bach's most often recorded organ piece to a composition with an unclear origin. Leopold Stokowski’s love affair with the music of Bach went back to his days as a young church organist in London. Nevertheless, the minor-mode slow movement manages to maneuver itself into some very remote tonalities in a gesture that prophesies Strauss’ predilection for that stylistic trait in his later works. Unhelpfully, most composers donât indicate the specific stops you should pull - which makes sense anyway given that instruments differ hugely one to the other. The full orchestra is, of course, employed for the big full-organ passages of the work. Pages. A Toccata (Italian for “to touch”) is a virtuoso display piece. “Toccata and Fugue in D Minor” is a piece for organs composed by Johann Sebastian Bach. It was written for a natural horn with no valves to facilitate the use of the 12-note chromatic scale. The resulting artistic product became more admired than beloved, and the opera was rarely staged during Strauss’ lifetime. The Institute of Voice Studies: May 20 - June 5, 2020, Immanuel & Helen Olshan Texas Music Festival, Building Your Craft: From Studio to Stage, TMF 2020 Orchestral Institute Information, Cynthia Woods Mitchell Center for the Arts, Electronic & Information Resources Accessibility, Discrimination and Sexual Misconduct Reporting and Awareness. (Similarly, Alban Berg and Paul Hindemith extracted symphonic suites from their respective operas, Luluand Mathis der Maler.). The only near-contemporary source is an undated copy by Johannes Ringk, a pupil of Johann Peter Kellner. Bach, as one of the great virtuoso organists of his day, developed a fierce reputation as a mercenary âtest driverâ to take new instruments out for a spin and see where they needed some tweaking before the builder could be paid for his work. The story of The Sorcerer’s Apprentice is an age-old tale that has gained new audiences with each re-telling. Program notes by David Yang. Bach purists have often decried this and other Stokowski transcriptions for their lack of authenticity. Despite Mendelssohn'… A Fugue is a multi-voice composition characterized by the same melody entering one after another (“Row, Row, Your Boat” is a specialized type of fugue called a canon). This is followed by an Adagio and ended by a fugue on a subject in 6/16 metre. One might object to the use of two harps at certain points, but their broken-chord figuration simulates the effect one would hear during arpeggiated organ passages in the echoing nave of a church. 3700 Cullen Blvd, Room E128Houston, TX 77204-4039713-743-3019 Contact Us. A brilliant slow/fast introduction is followed by the fugue, the subject of which is a short figure in sixteenth notes. The Bach-Stokowski Toccata and Fugue was one of the early works he recorded (in 1927) when the technology of electrical recording came into use. The title of the piece is given in Ringk’s manuscript as Toccata Con Fuga. Schumann praised the work and Liszt added it to his standard repertoire until Leopold Stokowski immortalized it with his orchestral arrangement in the Disney film Fantasia in 1940. In the first century of its existence the entire reception history of the Toccata and Fugue in D minor consists of being saved from oblivion by maybe not more than a single manuscript copy. They also alternate in presenting larger sections of the work, thus helping to define its form in the same manner as an organist changes stops or shifts between keyboards at any given moment. The second-century Greek satirist, Lucian, told it asThe Lie-Fancier, apparently after hearing versions passed down from ancient Egyptian storytellers. The piece is perhaps most widely known by its appearance in the opening minutes of the 1940 Let us know if you would like a print copy of our summer brochure sent to your home. On December 26, 1862, he conducted The Ride of the Valkyries in Vienna, as the opening selection on a concert of orchestral arrangements that also included the first-act love duet between Siegmund and Sieglinde, and the work’s concluding Magic Fire scene. As a matter of fact, it has been used in a lot of popular movies such as “Doctor Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”, “Babadook” and “Zoolander 2”. Skill Level: 8 out of 9 Type: Original: Similar Titles Genre: Repertoire Composed by: Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 to 1750). The Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 565, is a piece of organ music attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach. Toccata and Fugue in d minor Contributor Names Bach, Johann Sebastian -- 1685-1750 (composer) Sousa, John Philip -- 1854-1932 (arranger) Notes - Incomplete Form manuscript score Extent Arrangers holograph full score in ink. The orchestral version is scored for pairs of piccolos and flutes, three oboes, English horn, three clarinets, bass clarinet, three bassoons, eight horns, three trumpets, four trombones, tuba, timpani, triangle, cymbals, drum and strings. Receive periodical emails about our Organization and Events. The Toccata in D major, BWV 912, opens with a brief preamble, followed by a fugal Allegro. Instrumentation: four flutes (two doubling piccolo), two oboes, English horn, three clarinets, bass clarinet, basset horn, three bassoons, contrabassoon, four horns, three trumpets, three trombones, tuba, timpani, percussion, two harps, celesta, organ and strings. Instrumentation: two flutes, piccolo, two oboes, two clarinets, bass clarinet, three bassoons, contrabassoon, four horns, two trumpets, two cornets, three trombones, timpani, harp, glockenspiel, bass drum, cymbals, triangle and strings. The concerto is cast in the standard three-movement plan of the 18thand early 19th-century concertos: a sturdy sonata-allegro form dominated by an opening fanfare theme, followed by a moody slow movement, and an exuberant closing rondo. Repository Music Division, Library of Congress Online Format image Description manuscript score | Arrangers holograph full score in ink.