These voles are found in moist grassy habitats, such as woodland, marsh or on river banks. Though very numerous, they have little impact on man except in plague years when they may cause significant damage to crops. Voles belong to the family of Cricetidae along with their close relatives, hamsters. Many tree vole nests are built on broken tree tops, forked trunks, epicormic branches, or closely spaced limb-whorls. , The field vole has a palearctic distribution.  It is found at altitudes of up to about 1,700 metres (5,600 ft). Each individual makes paths through the grass stems, starting from a tussock, where nesting site is located. They are an important food source for owls and some other predators and their population size tends to peak and trough cyclically. The voles choose species with high digestibility where possible and avoid some common plants amongst which they live such as the tufted hairgrass (Deschampsia cespitosa) and rosebay willowherb (Chamerion angustifolium). They occur in a wide variety of environments such as meadows, margins of fields, forestry plantations, hedgerows, dunes, open moorland and blanket bogs. The field vole occurs typically in ungrazed grassland or in the early stages of forestry plantations but may also live in woodland, hedgerows, dunes, scree or moorland, wherever grass is available. Male Red-tail Brings In Vole And Works On Nest Bowl – March 6, 2018 - Duration: 11:10. This nest contains fresh tree vole nest material and is possibly under construction, because there is no covering for the nest chamber. The Field Vole resembles a small mouse, but with a stouter body and shorter tail. The weight is 20 to 50 grams (0.71 to 1.76 oz). The field vole is a small, dark brown rodent with a short tail, distinguishable from the closely related common vole (Microtus arvalis) by its darker, longer and shaggier hair and by its more densely haired ears. It is absent from Iceland and Ireland and thins out southwards towards the Mediterranean Sea. However, according to The Mammal society, a recent population estimate put the number of Field voles in Britain at 75,000,000 individuals. The field vole occurs typically in ungrazed grassland or in the early stages of forestry plantations but may also live in woodland, hedgerows, dunes, scree or moorland, wherever grass is available.  Females become pregnant again soon after parturition. Field voles are found across the UK but are absent from Ireland. The gestation period is about three weeks and up to a dozen young are borne. They feed upon maternal milk for 12 days, leaving the nest by 21 days old, after which female offspring live within or near the home range of their mother. Despite their digging habits, these voles nest above the surface on grass stems, which are often protected by a stone or log. Cute baby field vole rescued - Duration: 0:16. mwikman2009 656 views. Such increased populations are called ‘vole plagues’. Like the common vole, the field vole is subject to population explosions when conditions are right. Meanwhile, young males immediately disperse, being driven away by adult males. Field voles are induced ovulators. Little is known about the Field voles’ mating system. Because of the low availability of food in the winter, drier habitats are unable to sustain populations of much over two hundred animals per hectare. Preferred habitat of these rodents is ungrazed grassland with abundance of vegetation. Its range extends throughout Western Europe and eastwards to Lake Baikal in Siberia and north west China and northward to Norway, Sweden and Finland. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC), and its numbers remain stable. Females are sexually mature at 28 days old, whereas males reach maturity within 40 days after birth. It is active day and night and eats seeds, roots and leaves. Voles, found near water, often survive tides and flooding due to swimming and climbing to nearby vegetation. Off these are dedicated defecation sites and it often leaves little piles of chopped up grass stalks nearby. It excavates shallow burrows close to the surface of the ground, under leaf litter and under snow in winter. Underground nests are dug 30 to 40 cm deep into the ground and are used for food storage, offspring raising, and as a place for rest and sleep. Field voles construct their nests both under and above the ground, typically in clumps of grass or sedge. The range of the field vole covers a huge territory across northern Europe, stretching from north-west Spain to Russia. The number of voles expands rapidly with the arrival of spring and the better availability of food supplies. These grow rapidly, suckle for twelve days and leave the nest at twenty one days, reaching sexual maturity soon afterwards. Voles are seldom seen outside these runways, which enable a faster and safer locomotion and easier orientation. Field voles construct their nests both under and above the ground, typically in clumps of grass or sedge. Its coat is greyish-brown on the upper-parts and creamy-grey on the under-parts. , Field voles are induced ovulators. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. ), dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) and buttercups (Ranunculus spp.). It occasionally eats invertebrates such as insect larvae.
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