The public won’t listen to informed opinion. I should say simply to both men: “You seem anxious to destroy the world, to create vast misery and total destruction. But through the alchemy of the internet, his voice lives on. All this preparation for war is childish—and suicidal. I recognize that if you go outside the law you cannot complain if it is made a little awkward for you, but it ought to be possible to do so. That, roughly speaking, has been the excuse for not reaching agreement. The world government would become involved only when there were contests or disputes with other regions. Members of the Committee of 100 went to Moscow last summer and presented their point of view very effectively indeed. If I suddenly took it into my head that I wanted to assassinate the Queen, then I should expect to be punished. In Russia they punish you if you espouse capitalism; in America they punish you if you espouse communism. There are military commanders in power on both sides, and their vested interest is in exercising that power. Nuclear bases threaten the survival of mankind and the Cuban crisis has shown us how very close we are to annihilation. But what is most likely in Berlin or elsewhere is simply war by misinterpretation. They are both wicked. For an uninformed person such as me, it is very difficult to make any precise forecast. Bertrand Russell - On Nuclear Morality (1962).ogv download 2.6M vlc-record-2020-01-06-08h04m02s-Bertrand Russell - On Nuclear Morality (1962).mp4-.ogv download Here the Russians have been somewhat aggressive; they are trying to secure a change in the status of West Berlin by what amounts to threats of war. This is the very heart of what I have been saying for years: If nuclear bases are intolerable in Cuba, then they are intolerable anywhere in the world. If the fear were removed, each side would be more reasonable. PLAYBOY: Would you say, then, considering this climate of opinion within as well as between Russia and America, that there is any realistic hope of drafting a global disarmament plan which would be acceptable to both sides? You must envisage the possibility that you may be wrong. Governments must be made to give up the habit of lying in order to persuade people to die quietly. But to put state officials in place of capitalist officials changes nothing; they are still men, still wielding the same power. Which of them has mattered most to you? Unless state officials are made responsible to all us underlings, nothing will ever be achieved by nationalization. This is a great pity. They are diabolical inventions calculated to tell lies and to deceive. RUSSELL: Let me reply this way. These things I still believe. That year has passed, and nuclear holocaust has not yet overtaken us. ■, This article appeared in the Books & arts section of the print edition under the headline "Listen to Bertrand Russell, the English Voltaire", Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. Fear is very much a part of the incentive for armaments. All rights reserved. Widespread fear of domestic, as well as foreign, enemies stands as a defining characteristic of the era. In the absence of one, it will be a tug-of-war, a question of who is stronger. Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell OM FRS (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British polymath, philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate. What positive results do you feel have emerged from these symposia? But I think the true explanation lies deeper than that. In October 1961—after a decade of mounting personal outcry against the unabating arms race—Russell warned his uneasy listeners at a ban-the-bomb rally in London’s Trafalgar Square that they would be lucky if any of them were alive in a year’s time. Ennio Morricone occupies a unique place in the history of twentieth-century music. You may get a meteor or something like that showing up on a radar screen, and someone will press the button. But I have derived great satisfaction from many of my interests—matters of the mind more than anything else.
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